Hunting, Shooting, and Outdoorsman Vocabulary

Welcome to Lilsa Lodge’s Comprehensive Guide to Hunting Vocabulary and Terminology! Whether you’re a seasoned hunter or a newcomer eager to learn the ropes, this glossary is tailored to help you understand the unique language of the hunting world. Our goal is to make the transition from novice to knowledgeable as smooth as possible. Below, you’ll find terms from across the spectrum of hunting activities, with a special focus on upland bird hunting—a tradition we hold dear at Lilsa Lodge.

Hunting Vocabulary

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Air Scent

The odor carried by the breeze. Often used to describe how animals detect humans or other animals. [‘ɛər sɛnt’]


A term used when a bird lands without movement upon hitting the ground, making it harder for dogs to detect. [‘ɛərwɒʃt’]

Allen Wrench

A tool with a hexagonal head used to adjust various mechanisms on hunting equipment, particularly bows. [‘ælən rɛntʃ’]

American Wigeon

The American Wigeon (Mareca americana), also known colloquially as “Baldpate,” is a medium-sized duck found in North America. Characterized by its distinctive white forehead and green stripe running from the eye to the back of the head in males, and more subdued brownish plumage in females, the American Wigeon is a common sight in both freshwater and coastal habitats. These ducks are primarily grazers, often seen feeding on aquatic plants and grasses. During migration and winter, they gather in large flocks on lakes, marshes, and rivers. The American Wigeon is popular among birdwatchers and hunters alike for its colorful appearance and sociable behavior. [‘əˈmɛrɪkən ‘wiːʒən’]

Anchor Point

A consistent point on an archer’s face (such as the cheek or ear) used to maintain the same posture and aiming technique with every shot. [‘æŋkər pɔɪnt’]


Commonly refers to the pronghorn, an animal known for its speed, found in the American West. Though called antelope, it is technically part of the goat family. [‘æntɪˌloʊp’]


Bony structures on the heads of deer, which are shed and regrown annually. Different from horns, which are permanent. [‘æntlərz’]

Arkansas Call

A duck call type favored in environments like flooded timber due to its single reed design. [‘ɑrkənˌsɔ kɔl’]

Arm Guard

A protective sleeve worn to prevent injury from a bowstring. [‘ɑrm gɑrd’]

Arrow Fletcher

A device used to precisely attach vanes or feathers to arrows during their construction. [‘æroʊ ‘flɛtʃər’]

Arrow Saw

A tool equipped with a high-speed blade for cutting arrows to length with precision. [‘æroʊ sɔ’]

Arrow Spinner

Used for inspecting the straightness of an arrow by spinning it on rollers. [‘æroʊ ‘spɪnər’]

Arrow Straightener

A tool that realigns bent arrows using a precision indicator. [‘æroʊ ‘streɪtənər’]

Assembly Call

A turkey calling pattern used by hens to regroup scattered young. [‘əˈsɛmbli kɔl’]


The action of a dog that stops to honor another dog’s point. [‘bæk’]

Back Weight

A balancing component added to a target bow to enhance stability. [‘bæk weɪt’]

Bag Limits

The maximum number of birds a hunter is legally allowed to harvest in a given period, critical for conservation and ethical hunting practices. [‘bæg ‘lɪmɪts’]


Another term for the American Wigeon, a type of duck. [‘bɔldˌpeɪt’]


The sharp, abrupt sound made by a squirrel when alarmed. [‘bɑrk’]

Base Camp

The main encampment used during hunting trips, offering various amenities. [‘beɪs kæmp’]


The process of securing a trap in place so it cannot be detected or moved by an animal. [‘bɛdɪŋ’]

Bell Mare

A mare with a bell used to lead other horses; typically the group follows her lead. [‘bɛl mɛər’]


Devices used to track dogs in dense cover; the bell signals movement, while a beeper sounds when the dog stops, indicating a point. [‘bɛl ‘biːpər’]

Bellows Call

A call mimicking the bark of a squirrel, used to lure them into view. [‘bɛloʊz kɔl’]

Big Running

Describes a dog that covers large areas when searching for game. [‘bɪg ‘rʌnɪŋ’]


A two-legged stand used to stabilize a rifle, often for long-range shooting. [‘baɪpɒd’]

Bird Dog

A type of dog specifically trained to assist hunters by finding and retrieving birds. Bird dogs use their keen sense of smell to locate game and may either point (freeze in place to direct the hunter to the game) or flush (rouse game from its hiding place) depending on their training and breed. Essential companions in upland bird hunting, they are valued for their agility, obedience, and instinctive behaviors. [‘bɜrd dɒg’]


A term indicating a dog has detected the scent of a bird. [‘bɜrdi’]

Black-mouthed Cur

A breed of dog known for its black facial markings and used commonly for treeing squirrels. [‘blæk ‘maʊð ‘kɜr’]


A species of deer with a distinctive black tail, found along the West Coast of the U.S. [‘blæktel’]

Blind Call

Hunting strategy where calls are used to attract birds without visual contact. [‘blaɪnd kɔl’]


Another term for the lesser scaup, a type of duck. [‘bluːˌbɪl’]

Bluebird Day

Perfect, clear weather conditions that are not ideal for duck hunting due to lack of wind. [‘bluːˌbɜrd deɪ’]


The male of any furbearing species, used specifically in trapping terminology. [‘bɔr’]

Boat Paddle

A loud, long-range turkey call designed to sound over wide areas. [‘boʊt ‘pædəl’]

Body Gripper Trap

A type of trap that quickly kills an animal by capturing it by the body, not just the limb. [‘bɒdi ‘grɪpər træp’]


Colloquial term for sage grouse, a large bird native to the sagebrush plains of the American West. [‘bɒmbərz’]

Boss Gobbler/Boss Tom

Refers to the dominant male turkey in a given area. [‘bɒs ‘gɒblər, bɒs tɒm’]

Bow Press

A device used to safely compress the limbs of a compound bow for maintenance or adjustment. [‘boʊ prɛs’]

Box Call

A traditional turkey call that produces realistic turkey sounds through a friction mechanism. [‘bɒks kɔl’]

Break Point

The moment a pointing dog resumes tracking after initially stopping to point. [‘breɪk pɔɪnt’]

Breast Collar

A strap used to prevent a saddle from sliding on a horse, especially when traveling uphill. [‘brɛst ‘kɒlər’]

Breast Sponge

A fatty tissue deposit over the breastbone of adult male birds, used for energy during mating seasons. [‘brɛst spʌndʒ’]


Straps used to secure a packsaddle from sliding forward on a pack animal. [‘brɪʧɪŋ’]

Brow Tines

The forward-most tines on the antlers of deer and elk, important in certain legal classifications of game. [‘braʊ taɪnz’]


Vegetation consumed by large game animals. [‘braʊz’]

Brush Loads

Shotgun shells designed to open their spread quickly, suitable for close-range shooting. [‘brʌʃ loʊdz’]

Brush-buster Pants

Pants reinforced with durable material to protect against thorny plants while moving through dense underbrush. [‘brʌʃ ‘bʌstər ‘pænts’]


A male deer, particularly known for growing antlers. [‘bʌk’]


The distinctive call of a male elk during mating season, used to attract females and challenge other males. [‘byuːgəl’]


A mature male of several species, including elk, moose, and caribou. [‘bʊl’]

Bullet Trajectory

The path followed by a bullet after being fired, which typically arcs slightly due to gravity. [‘bʊlɪt trəˈdʒɛktəri’]


When a pointing dog prematurely flushes a bird, losing the element of surprise. [‘bʌst’]

Button Buck

A young male deer displaying only small knobs or “buttons” where antlers will eventually grow. [‘bʌtən bʌk’]


A decoy arrangement

shaped like the letter ‘C’, used to encourage ducks to land within the open curve. [‘siː rɪg’]


A smaller subspecies of Canada geese, roughly the size of large ducks. [‘kækələrz’]


The term for a young deer, elk, or moose in their first year of life. [‘kæf’]


Describes a turkey that has become wary of calls due to excessive hunting pressure. [‘kɔlʃaɪ’]


A species of diving duck, known for its distinctive wedge-shaped head. [‘kænvəsbæk’]


A nickname for the swamp rabbit, noted for its preference for young cane shoots. [‘keɪnkʌtər’]


The rear section of a saddle that provides support to the rider. [‘kæntl’]


The process of skinning the head and neck of a trophy animal to prepare it for mounting. [‘keɪpɪŋ’]


A type of muzzleloading firearm that is ignited by a percussion cap. [‘kæplɒk’]

Carbide Lamp

An older style of headlamp that uses acetylene gas, produced by water reacting with calcium carbide. [‘kɑːbaɪd læmp’]


When a hunting dog searches over a wide area to pick up a scent. [‘kæst’]

Cat Squirrel

A colloquial term for the eastern gray squirrel, common in wooded areas across much of the U.S. [‘kæt ‘skwɪrəl’]


Any member of the deer family, which includes species such as deer, elk, and moose. [‘sɜrvɪd’]


The action of applying dry chalk to a turkey box call to enhance its friction and sound production. [‘tʃɔːkɪŋ’]


Protective leather coverings worn over the legs to shield against brush and briars. [‘ʃæps’]

Chase for Pleasure

A term for non-competitive fox hunting, where the experience rather than the outcome is the focus. [‘tʃeɪs fər ‘plɛʒər’]


A term used to describe an unusually placed antler tine that appears outside of the typical points on a rack. [‘tʃiːtər’]


A style of short, open-legged chaps used in warmer climates for horseback riding. [‘tʃɪŋks’]


A device used to measure the speed of an arrow, typically expressed in feet per second (fps). [‘krɒnəgræf’]


The girth of a saddle, crucial for securing the saddle properly to ensure stability. [‘sɪntʃ’]


The pattern that rabbits often run in, making them predictable at times. [‘sɜrkəl’]

Clay Pigeon

A clay pigeon is a circular clay disc used as a target in shooting sports such as skeet, trap, and sporting clays. Despite the name, these targets are not made from pigeon clay but from a mixture of pitch and chalk, designed to break apart easily when hit. Clay pigeons are launched into the air by a machine called a trap, simulating the flight pattern of game birds, which helps shooters practice their aim and timing in a controlled environment. [‘kleɪ ‘pɪdʒən’]


A bow accessory that signals the archer when the bow has reached its optimal draw length. [‘klɪkər’]

Close Working

Describes dogs that hunt closely to the shooter, ensuring they remain within effective range. [‘kloʊs ‘wɜrkɪŋ’]


A soft, short vocalization by turkeys, often indicating curiosity or a mild alert. [‘klʌk’]

Coffin Blind

A low-profile hunting blind that allows a hunter to remain concealed in minimal cover. [‘kɒfɪn blaɪnd’]

Cold Dip

A method for coloring steel traps using a solvent-based dye, typically for camouflaging purposes. [‘koʊld dɪp’]

Cold Trailing

When a dog follows an old scent trail that has lost its freshness. [‘koʊld ‘treɪlɪŋ’]

Comeback Call

A type of call used to lure back ducks or geese that are leaving the decoy area. [‘kʌmbæk kɔl’]

Composite Stock

A rifle stock made from synthetic materials, designed to withstand extreme conditions and use. [‘kɒmpəzɪt stɒk’]

Compound Bow

A modern bow that uses a system of cams and pulleys to reduce the effort needed to hold the string at full draw. *[‘kɒmpaʊnd


Confidence Decoys

Decoys that mimic non-prey birds such as herons or gulls, suggesting safety to other birds. [‘kɒnfɪdəns ‘diːkɔɪz’]

Coues Deer

A small, elusive subspecies of white-tailed deer found in the southwestern U.S. [‘kuːz dɪər’]

Courtesy Gobble

A response gobble from a turkey that does not lead to an approach, often frustrating hunters. [‘kɜrtəsi ‘gɒbl’]


A term for a dense thicket that provides cover for gamebirds and can be hunted quickly. [‘kʌvərt’]


A group of quail that lives and moves together; the flush of such a group is known as a covey rise. [‘kʌvi’]

Covey Shoot

The act of shooting at a rising group of quail without singling out one bird, often leading to a miss. [‘kʌvi ʃuːt’]


A female elk, moose, or caribou, especially one that is of reproductive age. [‘kaʊ’]

Cow Call

A call mimicking the sound of a female elk, used during hunting to attract males. [‘kaʊ kɔl’]


Horizontal bars on a packsaddle from which loads are hung. [‘krɒsbʌks’]


Short for Conservation Reserve Program, a government initiative to enhance wildlife habitats by altering agricultural practices. [‘siːɑːrpiː’]


A strap that fits around a horse’s tail to prevent a saddle from sliding forward. [‘krʌpər’]


A specialized type of mouth call used by turkey hunters to produce sharp, cutting sounds. [‘kʌtər’]


A sequence of sharp clucks that a hen turkey uses when excited or agitated. [‘kʌtɪŋ’]


Signs of feeding left behind by squirrels, such as chewed nut shells or cone fragments. [‘kʌtɪŋz’]

Dark Timber

Dense, old-growth forests typically composed of coniferous trees, favored as cover by large game like elk. [‘dɑrk ‘tɪmbər’]


Small, vestigial toes located above the main hooves on deer and related animals. [‘duːklɔːz’]

Diaphragm Call

A hands-free turkey call placed in the mouth, using vibration of latex reeds to produce sound. [‘daɪəfræm kɔl’]

Diving Ducks

Ducks that submerge to feed, as opposed to dabbling on the water’s surface. [‘daɪvɪŋ dʌks’]


A component of a leg-hold trap that secures the jaws closed when set. [‘dɒg’]

Double O

A basic decoy setup for puddle ducks, consisting of two clusters with a landing zone between them. [‘dʌbl ‘oʊ’]

Double Reed

A duck call design featuring two reeds, which typically produces a richer, more mellow sound. [‘dʌbl riːd’]

Drag Marks

Traces left on the ground by the wingtips of a turkey as it moves through cover. [‘dræg mɑrks’]

Draw Length

The length an archer pulls the bowstring back, which varies by individual size and technique. [‘drɔ lɛŋθ’]

Draw Stop

A mechanical feature on a compound bow that limits the draw length to ensure consistent performance. [‘drɔ stɒp’]


The act of preparing a slate call’s surface to enhance its sound production when used. [‘drɛsɪŋ’]


A hunting strategy where hunters walk through cover to flush game towards other hunters positioned to shoot. [‘draɪv’]


A setup designed to quickly submerge and drown a trapped furbearing animal. [‘draʊnər’]


A colloquial term for the ruffed grouse, named after its unique drumming display. [‘drʌmər’]


A term used to describe an inexperienced or novice hunter, often new to the sport. *[‘djuː


Dude String

A group of horses selected for their mild temperament, suitable for novice riders. [‘djuːd strɪŋ’]

Eastern Wild Turkey

The most common subspecies of wild turkey, found extensively across the eastern United States. [‘iːstən waɪld ‘tɜrki’]


  1. The adjustment on a firearm or bow to correct the vertical alignment of shots. 2) The height above sea level, significant in hunting as it affects physical exertion and bullet trajectory. [‘ɛlɪ’veɪʃən’]

Elk Rifle

A rifle suitable for hunting elk, typically powerful enough to ensure humane kills at reasonable distances. Common calibers include .270, .308, and various magnum configurations. [‘ɛlk ‘raɪfəl’]

Ethical Hunting

The practice of hunting that adheres to a set of moral standards aimed at respecting wildlife and their habitats. It involves following legal regulations, ensuring quick and humane kills to minimize animal suffering, and taking only what is needed for consumption or management purposes. Ethical hunting supports conservation efforts and maintains the hunter’s role as a steward of nature. This approach helps in preserving the integrity of ecosystems while enjoying the tradition of hunting. [‘ˈɛθɪkəl ‘hʌntɪŋ’]


Non-native game species that are hunted in an area outside their typical geographical range. [‘ɛgzɒtɪks’]

False Point

When a pointing dog indicates the presence of game where there is none, often due to residual scent. [‘fɔːls pɔɪnt’]

Fair Chase

A principle that ensures ethical hunting practices, where the game has a fair chance to evade the hunter, maintaining the balance between hunter skill and animal instincts. It opposes the use of methods that could give undue advantage to the hunter, such as hunting in enclosures where animals are confined or using technology that can make the hunt too easy. Fair chase emphasizes respect for wildlife and the environment, and supports sustainable hunting practices. [‘fɛər tʃeɪs’]


A young deer in its first year, characterized by its spotted coat, which provides camouflage. [‘fɔːn’]

Feed Call

A calling technique that mimics the sound of ducks feeding and is used to signal safety to other ducks. [‘fiːd kɔl’]


A decoy positioned to look like it is feeding, used to create a realistic scene that attracts live birds. [‘fiːdər’]


A small, energetic breed of dog used primarily for hunting squirrels in the United States. [‘faɪst’]


A part of the saddle that covers the area from the seat to the stirrup, protecting the rider’s leg. [‘fɛndər’]

Fighting Purr

An aggressive, guttural sound made by turkeys during altercations. [‘faɪtɪŋ ‘pɜr’]

Fish Cop

Colloquial term for a game warden, responsible for enforcing local fishing regulations. [‘fɪʃ kɒp’]


A method used by hunters to attract geese by waving a flag to mimic the movement of other birds. [‘flægɪŋ’]


The action of birds veering away from a decoy spread after spotting something suspicious. [‘flɛər’]


The stabilizing feathers or vanes at the back of an arrow, essential for its accurate flight. [‘flɛtʃɪŋ’]

Flight Birds

Refers to migratory game birds that are not local to the area, often traveling long distances. [‘flaɪt bɜrds’]

Flight Day

A day when conditions are ideal for migration, usually initiated by changes in weather. [‘flaɪt deɪ’]


An involuntary reaction to the release of a bowstring or firearm, often resulting in a missed shot. [‘flɪntʃ’]


A type of muzzleloading firearm that uses a flint striking a steel plate to ignite the powder. [‘flɪntlɒk’]

Float Calling

A hunting tactic involving one hunter calling while another moves away, simulating a hen moving away from a tom. [‘floʊt ‘kɔlɪŋ’]

Float Hunt

To hunt waterfowl by moving silently in a canoe or similar boat along a waterway. [‘floʊt hʌnt’]


The practice of hunting squirrels from a moving boat, using the silence and mobility to approach game quietly. [‘floʊt ‘hʌntɪŋ’]


The action of causing birds to take flight from cover. Essential for shooting sports where dogs are used to disturb the birds, making them fly into the open. [‘flʌʃɪŋ’]

Flushing Dogs

Dogs trained to chase birds into the air within shooting range, rather than pointing at them from a distance. [‘flʌʃɪŋ dɒgz’]


A type of goose call that mimics the call of a goose, typically longer and with a lower pitch than duck calls. [‘fluːt’]

Flydown Cackle

A loud, excited call made by a hen turkey as it leaves the roost in the morning. [‘flaɪdaʊn ‘kækəl’]

Follow-up Shot

A shot made to ensure a quick and humane kill following an initial shot that did

not instantly incapacitate the animal. [‘fɒləʊʌp ʃɒt’]

Fool Hens

A nickname for the spruce grouse, known for its uncharacteristically tame behavior around humans. [‘fuːl hɛnz’]


A young male deer with antlers that have two prongs on each side. [‘fɔːrkɔrn’]


The specific posture and technique an archer uses when shooting, crucial for accuracy and consistency. [‘fɔrm’]

Friction Call

A type of turkey call that creates sound through friction, typically involving a slate surface and a striker. [‘frɪkʃən kɔl’]


The part of a flintlock that the flint strikes to create sparks for ignition. [‘frɪzən’]

Full Body

Decoys that replicate an entire bird, often used for realism in setups intended to attract wary game. [‘fʊl ‘bɒdi’]


Any of various mammals that are hunted primarily for their fur, such as beavers, minks, and raccoons. [‘fɜrbɛər’]

Gang Rig

A line setup for decoys, especially in waterfowl hunting, where multiple decoys are attached to a single line for quick deployment. [‘gæŋ rɪg’]


Protective gloves that extend up the arms, typically used by trappers handling aquatic sets to avoid bites and scratches. [‘gɔːntlɪts’]


A castrated male horse, often preferred for hunting and pack purposes due to their calm temperament. [‘gɛldɪŋ’]

Giant Canadas

A larger subspecies of Canada geese, known for their size and less migratory nature. [‘dʒaɪənt ‘kænədəs’]

Giardia lamblia

A microscopic parasite that causes gastrointestinal illness, known colloquially as “beaver fever,” often found in untreated natural waters. [‘dʒiː’ɑrdiə ‘læmblia’]


The practice of using binoculars or a spotting scope to survey large areas for game. [‘glæsɪŋ’]


A protective covering for the fingers used by archers to prevent injuries from the bowstring. [‘glʌv’]

Gobbler Shaker

A type of turkey call that produces a gobbling sound to attract male turkeys by mimicking a rival. [‘gɒblər ‘ʃeɪkər’]

Gobbler Yelp

A slower, deeper version of the yelp used by male turkeys, often during mating displays. [‘gɒblər jɛlp’]

Goose Chair

A low-profile seat that doubles as a blind, camouflaged as a large goose decoy for close-range hunting. [‘guːs tʃɛər’]

Gould’s Wild Turkey

A subspecies of wild turkey native to the mountainous regions of northern Mexico and the Southwestern U.S., not legally huntable in the U.S. [‘gouldz waɪld ‘tɜrki’]


A metal hook used in conjunction with traps to secure a caught animal by preventing it from escaping. [‘græpl’]

Gray Duck

Common name for the gadwall, a type of duck less well known than its more colorful relatives. [‘greɪ dʌk’]


A slang term for the male mallard duck, known for its bright green head. [‘grinˌhɛd’]

Greeting Call

A sequence of loud quacks from a duck or honks from a goose aimed at attracting others by simulating a welcoming flock. [‘griːtɪŋ kɔl’]


The part of a bow or firearm held by the shooter, which is crucial for proper handling and accuracy. [‘grɪp’]

Ground Scent

The trail scent left by an animal as it moves through an area, essential for tracking dogs. [‘graʊnd sɛnt’]


A professional who leads hunters through unfamiliar terrain, often responsible for safety and ensuring legal compliance. [‘gaɪd’]


Refers to an unfortunate shot that hits an animal in the stomach area, potentially leading to a prolonged death if not tracked and dispatched

quickly. [‘gʌtˌʃɒt’]

Hang Up

When a turkey stops its approach due to an unseen obstacle or cautious behavior, remaining out of range. [‘hæŋ ʌp’]

Hen Cover

Areas of light vegetation that are more likely to harbor female pheasants during hunting excursions. [‘hɛn ‘kʌvər’]

Henned Up

Describes a male turkey that is closely accompanied by female turkeys, making it difficult to lure away with calls. [‘hɛnd ʌp’]

Herd Bull

The dominant male elk in a group, typically responsible for breeding and leading the herd. [‘hɜrd bʊl’]

Highball Call

A loud, long-distance call used to attract the attention of ducks or geese that are far from the decoys. [‘haɪbɔl kɔl’]


Any of various knots used to secure ropes or straps in hunting and packing scenarios. [‘hɪtʃ’]


A device used to restrict the movement of a horse’s legs to prevent it from wandering too far from camp. [‘hɒbl’]


When birds remain motionless to avoid detection, often a tactic observed in gamebirds when predators are nearby. [‘hoʊld’]


A term used when an animal, like a squirrel or rabbit, escapes into a hole to avoid predators or hunters. [‘hoʊld ʌp’]

In the Round

A trapping term that refers to the sale of whole, unskinned animals to fur buyers, as opposed to selling only the pelts. [‘ɪn ðə raʊnd’]

In-line Muzzleloader

A modern type of muzzleloading rifle that incorporates features of both traditional and contemporary firearms. [‘ɪnˌlaɪn ‘mʌzlˌloʊdər’]

Inside Spread

The horizontal measurement between the widest points inside the antlers of a deer or other antlered game. [‘ɪnsaɪd sprɛd’]

Iron Sights

Basic, non-magnifying aiming aids found on rifles, composed of two aligned markers used to aim at targets. [‘aɪərn saɪts’]


The canine teeth of an elk, which are often mistakenly thought to be made of ivory due to their appearance. [‘aɪvəriz’]


A decoy spread designed to resemble the letter ‘J’, used to funnel ducks or geese into a specific shooting area. [‘dʒeɪ rɪg’]


A young male turkey, usually in its second year, identifiable by its partially grown tail feathers. [‘dʒeɪk’]


The movable parts of a trap that close to capture the animal, essential for the effective function of leg-hold traps. [‘dʒɔ’]

Jerk String

A method for adding natural movement to decoys through a string controlled by the hunter, mimicking live bird movements. [‘dʒɜrk strɪŋ’]

Jump Dog

The dog within a hunting pack that is most likely to first detect game and initiate the pursuit. [‘dʒʌmp dɒg’]

Jump Shoot

To approach game animals stealthily and cause them to flush into the air for a shooting opportunity. [‘dʒʌmp ʃuːt’]

Jump Shooting

The act of walking up to game, such as rabbits or ducks, and flushing them by sudden appearance or movement. [‘dʒʌmp ‘ʃuːtɪŋ’]

Jump the String

A reaction seen in game animals, where they flinch or move at the sound of a bowstring, potentially evading the arrow. [‘dʒʌmp ðə strɪŋ’]

Jumping Mule

A mule trained to follow game across rough terrain, including the ability to jump over obstacles like fences. [‘dʒʌmpɪŋ ‘mjuːl’]

Kee Kee

The call made by turkey poults when separated from their mother, used by hunters to mimic these sounds during fall. [‘kiː kiː’]

Kisser Button

A small device attached to the bowstring that helps archers maintain consistent anchor points by touching their lips when fully drawn. *[‘kɪsər ‘bʌtn’]*


Dense, stunted trees found at high altitudes, offering cover for wildlife and challenging terrain for hunters. [‘krʊmˌhɔlz’]

Laminated Stock

A gunstock made from layers of wood that are fused together, offering enhanced durability and aesthetic appeal. [‘læmɪneɪtɪd stɒk’]

Landing Hole

A strategically placed gap in a decoy spread that encourages waterfowl to land within effective shooting range. [‘lændɪŋ hoʊl’]

Lash Rope

A long rope used to secure loads on pack animals, essential for stabilizing gear during transport. [‘læʃ roʊp’]


The strap used to tighten the cinch of a saddle, critical for keeping the saddle in place on the horse. [‘lætɪgoʊ’]

Laydown Blind

A type of camouflage cover that allows hunters to lie flat on the ground, minimizing their silhouette against the terrain. [‘leɪdaʊn blaɪnd’]

Laydown Call

A goose call that mimics the sounds of a flock feeding contentedly, used to convince other geese to join. [‘leɪdaʊn kɔl’]

Layout Boat

A small boat used in waterfowl hunting that allows the hunter to remain concealed among decoys. [‘leɪaʊt boʊt’]


A leash or line used to control dogs in the field, especially before and after they are released to hunt. [‘liːd’]

Leg-hold Trap

A type of trap that captures animals by the leg, allowing for live capture and relocation if needed. [‘lɛg hoʊld træp’]


An optional attachment for firearm and archery sights that provides magnification, aiding in more precise aiming. [‘lɛnz’]

Leopard Cur

(aka “American Leopard Hound” Dog Breed) A breed of hunting dog known for its distinctive spotted coat, versatile in both hunting and as a working dog. [‘lɛpərd kɜr’]

Limb Bolts

Adjustable bolts that alter the draw weight of a bow by changing the tension on the limbs. [‘lɪm boʊlts’]

Limb Saver

A device attached to the limbs of a bow to dampen vibration and reduce noise upon release. [‘lɪm ‘seɪvər’]

Loafing Cover

Areas where gamebirds like to rest during midday, often lighter vegetation near feeding sites. [‘loʊfɪŋ ‘kʌvər’]

Locator Call

A call that mimics non-target species to provoke a shock gobble from turkeys, revealing their location. [‘loʊkeɪtər kɔl’]

Locked Up

When waterfowl prepare for landing by cupping their wings, a sign they feel safe to descend into the decoy spread. [‘lɒkt ʌp’]


1.) A lodge is typically a large house or hotel in a scenic area used for rest and recreation, often serving as a central hub for activities like hunting, fishing, and hiking. In the context of hunting, a lodge provides accommodations, facilitates hunting trips, and offers amenities tailored to the needs of hunters and outdoor enthusiasts. Lodges like Lilsa Lodge focus on delivering a comprehensive experience, blending comfort with the adventure of the wilderness. 2.) Structures built by beavers and muskrats from vegetation and mud, used as protection and living quarters. [‘lɒdʒ’]


A natural dye used to treat steel traps, helping to camouflage them from both animals and humans. [‘lɒgwʊd’]

Lonesome Hen Call

A series of calls replicating a solitary hen mallard, used to draw other ducks by suggesting safety and company. [‘loʊnsəm hɛn kɔl’]

Long Bow

A traditional archery bow, typically over five feet in length, known for its smooth drawing characteristics. [‘lɒŋ boʊ’]


Larger than standard decoys, used to attract birds from greater distances. [‘mægnəms’]

Main Beam

The central supporting structure of an antler, extending from the base to the tip. [‘meɪn biːm’]

Making Game

When a dog indicates that it has detected fresh signs of game, such as scent. [‘meɪkɪŋ geɪm’]

Mark Down

To remember the exact location where a game bird falls after being shot, essential for retrieving. [‘mɑrk daʊn’]

Merriam’s Wild Turkey

A subspecies of wild turkey native to the rocky mountains, known for its distinct coloration and habitat preferences. *[‘mɛriəmz waɪld ‘tɜr



Referring to equipment or components that are designed for easy adjustment or customization through interchangeable parts. [‘moʊdjʊlər’]


Pertaining to mountainous regions, often used to describe the habitat of certain game species. [‘mɒnteɪn’]

Motion Decoys

Decoys equipped with moving parts to simulate live birds, used to attract game by adding realism to the decoy spread. [‘moʊʃən ‘diːkɔɪz’]

Mountain Cur

A breed of hunting dog from the Appalachian region, known for its agility and treeing abilities. [‘maʊntən kɜr’]

Mountain Feist

A hybrid dog breed combining the traits of the mountain cur and the feist, optimized for squirrel hunting. [‘maʊntən faɪst’]


A colloquial term for a mule deer, used informally by hunters familiar with the species. [‘mjuːli’]


A musket is a muzzle-loading long gun that was used as a standard infantry weapon before the advent of the rifle. Originating in the 16th century, muskets were used extensively in military conflicts through the 18th century and into the early 19th century. They are smoothbored firearms, which means they lack the rifling that gives bullets a spin to enhance accuracy. Muskets are loaded from the muzzle with black powder, a projectile, and a wadding; they are ignited by means of a flintlock or matchlock mechanism. While largely obsolete in modern warfare, muskets remain a popular item among historical reenactors and collectors. [‘mʌskɪt’]


A small, aquatic rodent native to North America, known scientifically as Ondatra zibethicus. Muskrats are well adapted to wet environments such as marshes, rivers, and ponds. They are noted for their dense, waterproof fur and their ability to construct lodges from vegetation and mud, which serve as their living quarters. Muskrats are an important part of aquatic ecosystems, contributing to the maintenance of open water areas and serving as prey for a variety of predators. Their behavior and ecological role make them a subject of interest in both wildlife management and trapping. [‘mʌskˌræt’]


An acronym for New Improved Balance Points, referring to precisely machined arrow tips designed to enhance flight stability. [‘nɪb’]


The slotted end of an arrow that secures it to the bowstring, also the act of placing the arrow in readiness for shooting. [‘nɒk’]


Describing antlers that deviate from the normal symmetrical patterns typically seen in deer species. [‘nɒn ‘tɪpɪkəl’]


A maneuver by flying geese where they bank sharply to lose altitude rapidly, appearing to flutter like falling leaves. [‘oʊkliːf’]

Off-set Jaws

Refers to a design feature in some leg-hold traps where the jaws do not completely close, allowing for a small gap. [‘ɒf sɛt dʒɔz’]


A subspecies of wild turkey found exclusively in Florida, known for its distinctive behavior and habitat preferences. [‘ɒsiˈoʊlə’]


A professional service provider who organizes outdoor recreational activities, including guided hunts. [‘aʊtfɪtər’]

Outside Spread

The maximum horizontal distance between the outermost points on an animal’s antlers, often used as a measure of trophy quality. [‘aʊtsaɪd sprɛd’]

Over/Under (O/U) Shotgun

A type of break-action shotgun with one barrel above the other, allowing for two shots of different chokes, ideal for bird hunting. [‘oʊvər/ʌndər ‘ʃɒtgʌn’]


A term used by forest rangers to describe a mixed environment of pinon pine and juniper trees, typical of certain arid landscapes. [‘piː ‘dʒeɪ’]

Pac Boots

Insulated, waterproof boots designed for cold weather, featuring a thick, removable liner. [‘pæk buːts’]

Pack Frame

A supportive structure used to carry heavy loads in a backpack, essential for transporting gear in rough terrain. [‘pæk freɪm’]

Pack Saddle

A type of saddle designed for carrying loads on pack animals, typically constructed from durable materials like leather or metal. [‘pæk ‘sædl’]

Pack String

A line of animals, usually horses or mules, trained to carry supplies in and out of remote areas. [‘pæk strɪŋ’]


  1. A person skilled in managing pack animals during backcountry trips. 2) A type of robust, lace-up boot preferred by those who work with pack strings. [‘pækər’]


A horse used specifically for carrying cargo, rather than for riding. [‘pækˌhɔrs’]


Broad, flat areas on some antlers, resembling the palm of a hand, which can add to the overall spread of the antlers. [‘pælˈmeɪʃənz’]


A small depression in the lock mechanism of a flintlock weapon, where priming powder is placed to facilitate ignition. [‘pæn’]


Bags or containers that hang from the sides of a pack saddle, used to transport goods on pack animals. [‘pænɪərz’]


An open, grassy area in a forest or mountainous region, often used as a feeding area by wildlife. [‘pɑrk’]

Party Hunting

A controversial practice where multiple hunters share the same tags or permits, allowing any member of the group to harvest game. [‘pɑrti ‘hʌntɪŋ’]


Shoot Shooting at birds as they fly by, typically a challenging scenario requiring precise timing and aim. [‘pæs ʃuːt’]

Patched Ball

A muzzleloader projectile consisting of a lead ball wrapped in a cloth patch, which improves accuracy and sealing in the barrel. [‘pætʃt bɔl’]


The belly area of a game animal, generally considered a less ideal target due to the risk of spoiling the meat. [‘pɔntʃ’]


A pheasant is a type of game bird known for its striking appearance and popularity in hunting. The male, or cock, typically displays colorful plumage with long tail feathers, while the female, or hen, is more subdued in color. Pheasants are ground feeders but can fly short distances, especially when startled. They are native to Asia but have been widely introduced elsewhere, including North America and Europe, for sport hunting. Pheasants are also valued for their meat and are often raised on game farms for both conservation and culinary purposes. [‘fɛzənt’]

Pheasant Tower Shoot

A pheasant tower shoot is a specific type of tower shoot focused on pheasants. In this event, pheasants are released from a high tower, and shooters positioned in blinds or stands around the tower attempt to shoot the birds as they fly out. This format provides a concentrated and exhilarating hunting experience, allowing participants to practice shooting birds in flight from various angles. Pheasant tower shoots are particularly popular in areas where pheasant hunting is a traditional sport, combining the excitement of live bird shooting with the controlled conditions of a shooting event. [‘fɛzənt ‘taʊər ʃuːt’]

Piano Blind

A type of hunting blind that is box-shaped, often used in fields where concealment is challenging. [‘piano blaɪnd’]

Picket Line

A rope line used to secure horses and mules in a temporary campsite, preventing them from wandering off. [‘pɪkɪt laɪn’]


Colloquial term for rabbit droppings, which can indicate recent activity in the area. [‘pɪlz’]

Pintail Whistle

A whistle specifically designed to mimic the calls of pintails and other ducks that do not quack. [‘pɪnteɪl ‘wɪsl’]


A flat-bottomed boat used in marshy or shallow waters, ideal for duck hunting in swampy areas. [‘piːroʊg’]


A concealed spot for hunters, often dug into the ground, from which they can observe and shoot without being seen. [‘pɪt’]


Plumage refers to the feathers that cover a bird’s body. It plays a critical role in insulation, waterproofing, and flight, as well as in mating displays and camouflage. Plumage varies widely among bird species, with some exhibiting bright and diverse colors particularly during the breeding season to attract mates, while others have more subdued hues for better concealment from predators. In hunting, the distinctive plumage of certain game birds, like pheasants and waterfowl, adds to their allure among hunters and birdwatchers alike. [‘pluːmɪdʒ’]


An individual who illegally hunts game, typically by violating local wildlife management laws. [‘poʊtʃər’]


The behavior exhibited by certain breeds of hunting dogs, such as pointers or setters, where the dog stops and directs its body towards game, typically birds, without moving. This stance signals the hunter to the presence and location of the game. Pointing allows the hunter to prepare for the shot, and it is crucial for maintaining the tradition of fair chase in bird hunting. Pointing is highly valued as it demonstrates the dog’s training, discipline, and partnership with its handler. [‘pɔɪnt’]

Point Dead

A behavior exhibited by some pointing breeds of dogs where they indicate the location of dead birds for retrieval. [‘pɔɪnt dɛd’]


A type of Bird Dog trained to find and then freeze, indicating the presence of birds, which is crucial for hunters using shotguns. [‘pɔɪntərz’]

Pointing Dogs

Breeds of dogs trained to locate game by scent and then ‘point’ towards it without moving, facilitating hunter approach. [‘pɔɪntɪŋ dɒgz’]

Pointing Labs

Labrador retrievers that have been selectively bred to show pointing behavior, unusual for this typically flushing breed. [‘pɔɪntɪŋ læbz’]


The front part of a horse’s saddle that provides structure and support, often featuring a horn on Western saddles. [‘pɒməl’]


Hunters positioned at strategic points to intercept game as it is driven towards them by other members of a hunting party. [‘poʊstərz ‘blɒkərz’]

Powder Horn

A traditional container made from a cow horn used to carry gunpowder for muzzleloading firearms. [‘paʊdər hɔrn’]

Puddle Ducks

A category of ducks that feed on the surface of the water, as opposed to diving for food. [‘pʌdl dʌks’]


A low, soft sound made by turkeys, often used in close-range communication and reassurance among the flock. [‘pɜr’]

Pushbutton Call

A type of mechanical turkey call that produces sounds by pushing or pulling a button, used for simplicity and ease of use. [‘pʊʃˌbʌtn kɔl’]


A sharp, quick call made by turkeys when alarmed, signaling danger to others in the vicinity. [‘pʌt’]


A popular brand of propellant that is used as a modern alternative to black powder in muzzleloading firearms. [‘paɪroʊdɛks’]


Nickname for quaking aspen, a type of tree common in the Western United States, known for its trembling leaves. [‘kwɑːkiz’]


A hunting technique where dogs move in a zig-zag pattern ahead of the hunters, effectively covering ground. [‘kwɔrtərɪŋ’]


A container used to hold arrows securely, typically attached to the archer’s body or bow. [‘kwɪvər’]


A types of Bird Dog dogs trained to find and then freeze, indicating the presence of birds, which is crucial for hunters using shotguns. [‘sɛtərz’]

Skeet Shooting

Skeet shooting is a competitive sport where participants aim to break clay targets mechanically flung into the air from two fixed stations at high speed from a variety of angles. The layout consists of a semi-circular arc with a total of eight shooting positions. The objective is to simulate the unpredictability of bird flight. Participants use a shotgun to hit the clay pigeons during their flight. This sport tests precision and quick reaction times, making it a popular practice for improving shooting skills for bird hunting. [‘skiːt ‘ʃuːtɪŋ’]

Smoothbored Firearms

Smoothbored firearms are guns with a barrel that lacks rifling—the spiral grooves cut into the barrel that impart a spin to the projectile for improved accuracy and range. Typical examples include shotguns and early muskets. The absence of rifling allows these firearms to shoot various types of ammunition, such as pellets or slugs in the case of shotguns, but generally at the cost of reduced accuracy over long distances compared to rifled firearms. Smoothbored firearms are commonly used for hunting game at close to medium ranges, as well as in sporting contexts like trap and skeet shooting. [‘smuːθbɔrd ‘faɪərɑːrmz’]

Sustainable Hunting

A conservation practice that ensures populations of wild game are maintained or enhanced for future generations. This approach involves adhering to regulations that promote ecological balance, such as setting bag limits, establishing hunting seasons, and managing habitats. Sustainable hunting aims to align the interests of wildlife conservation with those of hunting communities, ensuring that hunting activities do not compromise wildlife diversity and health. [‘səˈsteɪnəbl ‘hʌntɪŋ’]

Tower Shoot

A tower shoot is a type of driven shooting event where game birds are released from a central tower into surrounding fields, where shooters are stationed at various points. The birds fly out from the tower at elevated heights, giving shooters the opportunity to take aim as they would in traditional bird hunting. This setup is designed to simulate natural bird flight and provide a challenging shooting experience. Tower shoots are popular among hunting clubs and preserves, often used for large group events and training sessions. [‘taʊər ʃuːt’]

Trap (Target Launcher)

A trap in the context of shooting sports is a mechanical device that launches clay targets into the air to simulate the flight of game birds. This machine propels the clays at varying angles and speeds, allowing shooters to practice and hone their shooting skills under different conditions. Traps are used in disciplines such as trap shooting and sporting clays, where the ability to quickly aim and fire at moving targets is crucial. [‘træp’]

Trap (Animal Capture)

A trap in the context of hunting or wildlife management is a device used to capture animals, typically without killing them. These traps may be designed to catch small mammals and birds for research, relocation, or population control. Common types include box traps, which enclose the animal in a container, and foot-hold traps, which restrain the animal by the leg without causing injury. Trapping requires knowledge of animal behavior and local regulations to ensure humane and ethical practices. [‘træp’]

Trap Shooting

Trap shooting is a type of clay pigeon shooting where targets are launched from a single machine, known as a “trap,” that throws the clay targets away from the shooter to simulate the flight path of game birds. Unlike skeet shooting, which has multiple shooting stations in a semi-circle, trap shooting usually has five stations in a row and the targets are released at varying angles. The shooter moves through different positions to shoot targets thrown at random sequences and angles, honing their aiming and timing skills. Trap shooting is widely practiced both recreationally and competitively around the world. [‘træp ‘ʃuːtɪŋ’]


Upland refers to the higher ground or areas away from rivers or coasts, typically characterized by dry, non-flooded, and often hilly or mountainous terrain. In ecological and agricultural contexts, upland areas are distinguished from wetlands or lowlands, which are closer to water sources and usually have different soil compositions and vegetation types. In the context of hunting, “upland” is used to describe the habitat of certain game birds that thrive in these drier areas, making it a key term in upland bird hunting. [‘ʌplænd’]

Upland Bird Hunting

Upland bird hunting refers to the pursuit of game birds that inhabit terrestrial environments, as opposed to wetlands or water bodies. This type of hunting typically targets species such as pheasants, quail, grouse, and woodcock, which are found in diverse habitats including grasslands, forests, and agricultural fields. Hunters often use shotguns and are usually accompanied by bird dogs that help locate and retrieve game. The sport is valued for its dynamic nature, requiring a blend of skill, patience, and coordination between hunter and dog. Upland hunting is popular for both its recreational and conservation aspects, contributing to the management of bird populations and habitat preservation. [‘ʌplænd ‘bɜrd ‘hʌntɪŋ’]

Walk-Up Shooting

A method where hunters walk through fields and shoot birds as they are flushed by dogs. [‘wɔːk ʌp ‘ʃuːtɪŋ’]


Waterfowl are birds that are typically found in wetland areas such as lakes, rivers, ponds, and marshes. This group includes ducks, geese, and swans, which are adapted to life in and around water with features like webbed feet for swimming and waterproof feathers. Waterfowl are a popular target for hunters, prized for their challenging flight patterns and the culinary value of their meat. They are also key species for conservation efforts, as their health and populations reflect the condition of their aquatic habitats. [‘ˈwɔːtərˌfaʊl’]

By familiarizing yourself with these terms, you’ll enhance your understanding and appreciation of the hunting heritage that Lilsa Lodge is proud to uphold. Happy hunting, and remember, whether you’re a novice looking to learn or an experienced hunter seeking to refine your skills, we’re here to ensure your experience is exceptional. Visit our main page or our blog section to learn more about our hunts and how you can participate in preserving the tradition of the hunt.

Dexter Derelict
Dexter Derelict
Director of All Things Digital

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